البيولوجيا وعلوم الحياة

نبذة تعريفية عن فيروس “نقص المناعة” في الإنسان

2013 ???? ??????

?.????? ?. ?????

????? ?????? ?????? ??????

????? ?????? ????? ??? ??????? ?????????? ????? ??????

??????? ?????? ???? ?????? (AIDS) (??? 1.8) ???? ????? ?? ????????? ???? ??? ???????? ?????.

???? ??????? ????? ????? ????? ?????? ??? ??????? ?? ??????? ?? VIH  (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) ?? ????? ??????? (Retrovirus) ???? ???? ?????? ???? ?? ???? ????? ??????? ?????????? ???????.

??? ???? ??????? ??????? ???? «????? ????? ??????» (Reverse Transcriptase) ?«????? ?????» (Integrase)? ??????? ?????? ???? ?????? ???????? ??? ??????. 

 

???? ??????? ???? ????? ??? “???” ?????? ?? ?? ?????? (???? ??? ??????? ?? ???? ?????? ?????????) ????? ????? ????? ?????? ??? ???? ???? ??? ???????? ??? “???” ???????? ?????. ??? ???? ???? ????? ????? ???? ???? ??? “???” ???????? ??????? ????? ??? ????? ???? ?????? ???????.

???? ?? ??? ??? ????? ?????. ?????? ?????? ??? “???” ???????? ???? ??????? ??? ?? ???? ?????? ?????? ?? ??????? ?????? ???????. ??? ?????? ?? ????? ?????? ??? ?????? ??????.

??? ??? ?????? ?????? ??????? ???????? ?? ?????? ????? ???? ?? ?? ??? ?????? ????? ??? ??????.

 

??? ??? ??? “???” ???????? ?????? ???? ?????? ?????? ?? ???? ??? ?????? ??????? ?????? ????????. ?????? ??? ??????? ???? ??????? ?? ??? ?????? ??? ????? ??????? ???? ???? ?? ????? ???? ???????.

??? ?? ?? ?????? ???? ??????? ??? ?? ???? ??????? ???? ????? ??? ????? ?? ??????? ??????? ????? ????? ??? ???? ?????? ???????? ?????? ??????.

???? ????? ???? ??? ??????? ?????? ?????? ????? ?????. ??? ???? ??????? ????? ????? ?????? ???????? ??????? ??? ???? ?????? ?? ????????? ??????? ??? ???? ??? ??? ??? ??????? ?? ???????.

 

????? ?????? ??????? ??? ???????? ????? ????? ?? ????? ?????? ?????? ?????? ???????? ?????? ??????? ???????? ??????? ????????.

?????? ????? ?????? ??????? ?? ??????? ???????  ???? ????? ???? ??? ?????? ??????? ???? ?????? ????? ????.

 

??? ?????? ????? ??????? ????????? ????? ???? ??? ????? ??? ?????? ????? ?????? ??????? ??? ?????????? ??????? ???????? ?????? ?????? ??? ?? ????? ??? ?????? ???? ?? ?????? ??? ????? ??????.

???? ???????? ????????? ??????? ??????? ??????? ??? ?????? ??????? ??? ???? ????? ???? ????? (??? 4.8).

 

??? 4.8 ??????? ????? ?????? (HIV): ???? ???? ???????? ????????? ????? ??????? ??????? ??? ????? ??? ????????? ???????? ??????.

??? ???? ?????? ???? «????? ????? ???????» ??? ???? ???? ??”???” ???????? ??? ???? ?? ??”???” .

??????? ?? ??????? ???? ?????? ???? ??”???” ????? ????? ???. ???? ???? ?????? ???? «??????? ?????? ???????? ????? ?????? ??????» (HIV Protease) ??? ???? ?????? ????? ???? ?????????? ???????? ??? ???????? ??? ????? (??? ???????: 5 ?????? ???).

 

????? ??????????????? (Azidothymidine)? ??? ?? ????? ???????? ???? ?? ????????? ??????? ??????? ???? ??????? ????? ????? ??????? ???? ???? ??? ????? ???? ??? “???” ???? ??? ?? ????? ?? ???????? ?????? ?????? ???????.

???? ?????? ????? ?????? ????? ???? ??? ????? ????? ???? ?? ??????? ??? ???????? ???? ???? ??? ????? ?????????? ????????? ???? ????? ??? ???? ???????? ???? ???? ?????? ???? ???? ?????? ????? ????? ???? ???? ??? ??? ??? “???” ???????? ?? ????? ??????.

????? ?????? ??????? ???????? ????? ???????? ??? ??????????? (Ritonavir) ???????????? (Indinavir) ??????? ??????? ?? ??????? ???????? ?? ???? ?????? ???? ????? ????? ????????? ??????? ?????? ?????? ?? ?????? ???????.

 

??? ???? ??? ?????? ??? ????? ??? ??????? ???? ???? ?????? ?????????? ????????? ??? ??? ?????? ???? ??? ????? ??????? ?? ??? ?????? ????? ??????? ????? ????? ??? ???? ??????.

??? ???????? ?????? ?? ????? ??????? ??? ???????? ???? ?? ??? ??? ??? ????? ????????? ??? ????????? ???????? ?????? ?????? ???? ?????? ????? ???? ????? ?? ??????. ???? ? ???? ???? ???? ?? ????? ??????? ??? ??????? ?????? ??? ?????? ???? ????? ???? ???? ?? ????? ????? ?? ???? ??? ????????.

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